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Species Database

Eudistylia vancouveri - Vancouver feather duster worm

Vancouver feather duster worm image

Geographic range:

Alaska to central California

Key features:

Large reddish plume with banding. Plume retracts very quickly, and a firm, rubbery tube becomes visible. The closely related Eudistylia polymorpha has a plume with only one color and no banding, which easily differentiates the two species. In central California, usually in sand and solitary.

Similar species:

Eudistylia polymorpha -- Feather duster worm

Habitat(s):

bay (rocky shore), exposed rocky shore, kelp forest, protected rocky shore
 

Primary common name:

Vancouver feather duster worm

Synonymous name(s):

Eudistylia plumosa, Sabella vancouveri

General grouping:

Worms

ITIS code:

68112
 

Geographic Range

Range Description:

Occurs from Alaska to central California, but is more common in northern part of range relatively rare in central CA

Intertidal Height

Lowest intertidal height:

-0.6006006 meters OR -2 feet

Highest intertidal height:

0 meters OR 0 feet

Subtidal Depth Range

Minimum depth:

0 meters OR 0 feet

Maximum depth:

30 meters OR 99.9 feet

Subtidal depth notes:

Found in the shallow subtidal.

Habitats

bay (rocky shore), exposed rocky shore, kelp forest, protected rocky shore

Habitat notes:

In the northern part of its range, often found on pilings and floats in harbors, and may be seen draped off pilings at low tide.

Abundance

Relative abundance:

Uncommon in central California.

Species Description

General description:

The obvious feature of this polychaete worm is the large branchial plume, which is a cluster of elongate tentacles that serve as both gills and feeding structure. The tentacles have a banded color pattern, with light but narrow bands on a usually dark red background. The tube is made of protein and has a rubber-like consistency, firm after the worm quickly retracts the plume.

Distinctive features:

Large plume that quickly retracts if disturbed. Tentacles are 1-4 cm long and highly branched along a main axis. In central California, the large plume of tentacles is banded. The parchment tube is firm and dark brown when not overgrown.

Size:

Body up to 25 cm long, although usually only a few cm of the tube is visible. Plume diameter can be 6 cm.

Natural History

General natural history:

The large plume of Eudistylia serves two functions: respiration and feeding. The tentacles are covered with hundreds of cilia that generate a tiny, localized current. Water and suspended particles are swept into the tentacles where they are captured in mucus and then conveyed along the main axis of the tentacle towards the mouth.

The tentacles also bear small, light-sensitive structures that react to changes in light. Shadows and pressure waves cause the worm to rapidly retract the tentacles into the protective cover of the tube. This rapid withdrawal reduces predation on the vulnerable tentacles. The tube extends will into the back of crevices and the entire worm is rarely ever observed.

Predator(s):

Fishes may attempt to bite the plume tentacles. It is not known which species prey upon feather duster worms. However, if the entire worm is exposed, as when rocks are dislodged during storms, they may be scavenged by crabs, fishes, stars, and carnivorous snails.

Prey:

Feather duster worms feed on suspended particles, including detritus and plankton.

Feeding behavior

Omnivore, Sessile suspension feeder

Feeding behavior notes:

The worm uses cilia to move water through the plume of tentacles, ensnaring particles with both the cilia and with mucus that is secreted. The slime with trapped particles then moves down the tentacle to the mouth, with some sorting taking place.

January - December

Reproduction:

We do not know of any seasonal behavior in reproduction or feeding.

Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary:

We do not know of any.
Click on an image below to view a larger version in the SIMoN Photo Library. You will also be able to view important information on each photo such as photographer, date, caption and more.
Lamb, A. and B. P. Hanby. 2005. Marine life of the Pacific Northwest. Harbour Publishing. 398 p.